Dynamic Techno Medicals Pvt. Ltd. vs. Na
(AAR (Authority For Advance Ruling), Kerala)

Case Law
Petitioner / Applicant
Dynamic Techno Medicals Pvt. Ltd.
AAR (Authority For Advance Ruling)
Jun 21, 2019
Order No.
TR Citation
2019 (6) TR 932
Related HSN Chapter/s
90 , 9021 , 94 , 9404
Related HSN Code


The applicant is a distributor of the product “Cervical Pillow. It is used for preventing or correcting cervical spondylitis, cervical sprain etc, and for supporting or holding head and neck during such illness. They requested advance ruling on the following:

Whether Cervical Pillows falls under HSN tariff item 9021.10.00?

The authorized representative of the applicant was heard. It is pointed out that the ‘Therapeutic Cervical Pillow’ is made up of hypo-allergenic, high quality polyurethane foam with 100% cotton cover. The product is usually used by patients who suffer with cervical spondylitis, cervical sprain headache etc. It provides proper sleeping posture by conforming to the natural sleeping curve of the neck, According to them the product falls under HSN 9021 of the Customs Tariff. For the purpose of heading 9021, the expression “orthopaedic appliances” means appliances for

(i) preventing or correcting bodily deformities;

(ii) or supporting or holding parts of the body following an illness, operation or injury”.

The matter was examined in detail. The features of the product labelled in the packet are as follows:

“Made of hypo-allergenic, high quality polyurethane foam with 100% cotton cover. Provides proper sleeping postures. Supports the entire length of the neck allowing the neck, shoulder and upper bock muscles to relax. Maintains the normal cervical alignment confirms to the natural curve of the neck to prevent lifting or over lifting of neck. Provides relief from stress related headaches. Helps to reduce snoring by proper positioning of neck clearing air passages. Anatomical curve of the pillow aid, to sleeping comfort”

From this it is clearly understood that the product is nothing but a pillow used for comfort sleeping. The curve in the pillow provides comfort sleep and it can be used by any person having cervical problems or not. Therefore this product cannot be classified under HSN 9021 as “orthopaedic appliances including crutches, surgical belts and trusses; splints and other fracture appliances; artificial parts of the body; hearing aids and other appliances which are worn or carried, or implanted in the body, to compensate for a defect or disability”.

This product is appropriately classifiable under 9404 “mattress supports; articles of bedding and similar furnishing (for example, mattresses, quilts, eiderdowns, cushions pouffes and pillows) fitted with springs or stuffed or internally fitted with any material or of cellular rubber or plastics, whether or not covered.”

In view of the observations stated above, the following rulings are issued:

Whether Cervical Pillows falls under HSN tariff item 9021.10.00?

No. Cervical pillows fall under HSN 9404 10 00 and is taxable at the rate of 18% GST as per Sl. No. 438 of Schedule III of Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017.

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