Vendor Reconciliation – Meaning, Format, Process


    Across businesses, vendor payments represent a major cash outflow. Accountants usually manage vendor reconciliation to run the business conveniently.  Even though it could be laborious and time-consuming, this work provides a firm with important advantages and is occasionally disregarded. Vendor reconciliations must be used correctly to guarantee the best possible business performance.

    What is Vendor Reconciliation?

    Vendor reconciliation is the process of comparing a vendor’s account to the statement they have provided. To reconcile vendor statements, it is necessary to compare vendor invoices with the business’ system. It involves examining the entity’s vendor outstanding balance and payables account balance. By reconciling vendor statements, a firm can ensure that there are no discrepancies or errors between the prices the vendor charged and the products, inventory, or services the company received.

    Vendor reconciliation finds discrepancies between the system and the accounts of the vendors. This report assists in enhancing control over vendor expenditure, decreasing vendor enquiries, and improving vendor relationships. The controllers face significant problems maintaining timeliness and accuracy throughout the reconciliation process because there are multiple daily transactions and various statements to reconcile. A corporation could overpay vendor invoices and be unaware of them due to an error in the vendor reconciliation procedure.

    To meet these targets, administrators must understand how to handle the vendor reconciliation process competently and efficiently.

    What is the Process of Vendor Reconciliation?

    While the benefits of vendor reconciliation may be alluring, matching thousands of vendor invoices and accompanying documents monthly may be a strenuous process. Manually matching statements requires a lot of printing, checking, and manipulating to produce various spreadsheets. Vendor reconciliation often follows the following process:

    1. Verifying the opening balance – The opening balance on the payables ledger must match the balance that appears on the vendor’s account. 
    2. Comparing line items – The line items on the vendor statement and the invoices must be compared. When shipments arrive, businesses typically reconcile vendor bills to ensure that the invoices accurately reflect the count and value of each shipment. The overall reconciliation process excludes all the items on the vendor’s accounts in both the accounts payable and vendor statement.
    3. Differences – All of the remaining items that weren’t removed in the previous phase either indicate items that are absent from the accounts payable ledger but are included on the vendor statement or items that are included on the vendor statement but not on the account payable ledger. These differences typically result from the following:
      1. Timing-related 
      2. Errors
      3. Omissions
    4. Assuring Accuracy – Each purchase transaction is confirmed to have received proper authorisation. Consider the case when all vendor invoices and related papers are printed on paper. In that instance, the documents are examined for any potential alterations between the approved and processed versions of the document. Additionally, the transaction recording is instantly validated. The accounts payable department checks vendor invoices to ensure they’re posted and processed on schedule. Any difference is investigated further by the processing department or the appropriate authorising department.
    5. All payment and credit notes listed on the supplier statement should be applied to the relevant invoices.

    Format for Vendor Reconciliation

    Due to the fact that each vendor’s system generates a possible variety of formats or layouts, a business would most likely receive vendor statements in various forms. Statements sent by email are typically in PDF or Excel format. Other vendor statements may be sent via mail and be on paper.

    You can take a free trial of Busy Accounting Software to experience a seamless and automated process of your GST-related tasks. 

    • Home
    • /
    • GST
    • /
    • all about vendor reconciliation

    BUSY is a simple, yet powerful GST / VAT compliant Business Accounting Software that has everything you need to grow your business.

    phone Sales & Support:

    +91 82 82 82 82 82
    +91 11 - 4096 4096