Claiming ITC on Transfer of Business


    Claiming Input Tax Credit (ITC) on transfer of business is a crucial aspect for businesses that undergo mergers, acquisitions, or any other form of transfer. When a business transfers, it needs to transfer its assets and liabilities, including its tax credits. A registered taxpayer may transfer the input tax credit that is accessible and unutilised in his electronic credit ledger to another business in case of a business transfer by way of sale, merger, or demerger by filing a declaration in GST Form ITC-02. To claim ITC on transfer of business, the new business entity needs to register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) and provide the necessary documentation, including a transfer agreement, to the GST authorities. 

    Transfer of ITC by Filing Form GST ITC-02

    The ITC-02 form is used to facilitate the transfer of Input Tax Credit (ITC) balance from one GSTIN to another GSTIN as a result of mergers and acquisitions. The transferor must file it, and the transferee must take action. However, there is no time restriction to do so.

    After the introduction of GST, numerous amalgamations, mergers, and demergers have occurred. In certain situations, a business transferor will have unused ITC sitting in the electronic credit ledger. Only by submitting GST ITC-02 can they transfer this ITC to the new company. The unused credit of the transferor will be transferred to the transferee’s electronic credit ledger upon filing GST ITC-02.

    Preconditions for Filing ITC-02

    To be qualified to submit the FORM GST ITC-02, the following requirements must be satisfied:

    How to File Form GST ITC-02

    Here are the steps to follow while filing Form GST ITC-02:

    Step 1: Go to the GST Portal

    The transferor or the acquiring entity should go to the official GST Portal and the GST Home page will appear.

    Step 2: Enter your Credentials

    Enter your login details and the taxpayer’s dashboard will appear.

    Step 3: Click on ITC Forms

    Go to the Services tab and click on the Return option. Then select ‘ITC Forms’ and the GST ITC forms page will appear.

    Step 4: Click on Prepare Online

    Click on the Prepare Online option under the GST ITC-02 tile. Choose whether to transfer all or partial ITC and fill in the amount of matched ITC that needs to be transferred.

    Step 5: Enter the GSTIN

    Enter the GSTIN of the transferee. Then enter the amount of the matched Input Tax Credit to be transferred under each major heading under the ‘Details of ITC to be transferred’ section.

    Step 6: Enter the Details

    Enter the required details for the Certifying Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant in the certifying firm.

    Step 7: Attach the Certificate

    Attach a copy of the certificate either in JPEG or PDF format, but the file size of the attachment should not exceed 500 KB.

    Step 8: Save and Upload

    Click on ‘Save’ to upload both the data and the attachment to the GST Portal. Check the statement box to confirm that the furnished information is true and correct.

    Step 9: Select the Authorised Signatory

    Select the authorised signatory from the drop-down list.

    Step 10: File Form GST ITC-02

    File the form using the DSC or EVC option. If DSC has been selected, ensure that it is signed using the Digital Signature of the selected authorised signatory. On the other hand, If EVC is selected, an OTP will be sent to the authorised signatory’s registered mobile number that needs to be entered.

    Step 11: Click on Proceed

    Click on the Proceed option on the warning pop-up message.

    Step 12: Enter the OTP

    Enter the OTP sent and click on Verify.

    Once verified, a confirmation message will appear on the successful filing of the Form GST ITC-02. This message will also contain the system-generated ARN, and a copy of the form can be downloaded by clicking on the Downloads button.

    Acceptance of ITC Transfer by Transferee

    Step 1: Login to the GST Portal with your credentials

    Step 2: Click on ‘ITC-02 – Pending for actions’

    From the ‘Services’ tab, click on ‘User Services’ and select ‘ITC 02 – Pending for actions’ option

    Step 3: Click on the ARN link

    Click on the ARN link displayed on the new page.

    Step 4: Accept or Reject Request

    Review the details of all the matched ITC and accept or reject the transfer request.

    Step 5: Confirmation message

    If you accept the request, a confirmation message will be displayed and you will be prompted to proceed with filing the response.

    Step 6: Verify the declaration statement

    Check the declaration statement and select the authorised signatory from the drop-down list.

    Step 7: File the form

    File the form using the DSC or EVC option, and if EVC is selected, enter the OTP sent to the authorised signatory’s registered mobile number.

    Step 8: Click on ‘Proceed’

    Click on the ‘Proceed’ option on the warning pop-up message.

    Step 9: Enter OTP

    Enter the OTP sent and click on ‘Verify’ option. Once verified, the system displays a confirmation message with the system generated ARN.

    Step 10: Click on the ‘Back’ option

    This will take you back to the ITC-02 Pending for actions screen. You can now view the changed status as ‘Accepted’.

    Different Aspects in Transfer of Business

    Transfer of business involves a range of legal and financial aspects that need to be carefully considered and addressed to ensure a smooth and successful transfer. Some of the critical aspects that businesses need to consider include transfer of assets and liabilities, employee transfer, tax implications, intellectual property rights transfer, customer and vendor contracts transfer, and compliance with regulatory requirements. Each of these aspects requires a thorough understanding of the legal and financial implications and the proper procedures to be followed to avoid any disputes or penalties.

    Registration under GST

    Under section 22 (3) of the CGST Act 2017, a person undertaking the practice of purchasing another company must claim a new ownership document and a new registration under GST.

    Nevertheless, under section 22(4), if a transfer is made as part of a merger, amalgamation, or demerger scheme, the transferee will be required to register, and the registration’s commencement date will be the day the incorporation certificate is received.

    ITC on Transfer of Business

    The input tax credit is one of the essential aspects of GST as it helps lower the outward GST liability.

    According to section 18(3) of the CGST Act, if a business is transferred, the transferor may offer the transferee a credit for any unused ITC as long as the transferee is responsible for all of the transferred business’s liabilities. Additionally, ITC-02 is the mandatory form for claiming unused ITC on business transfer, according to Rule 41 of the CGST Rules.

    Itemised Transactions

    When a business is transferred, itemised transactions are those in which a value is allocated to each asset and liability. The transferee will be required to pay GST on each transaction because each item has a separate value.

    Slump or Crash sale

    According to section 2 (42C) of the Income Tax Act, a slump sale is defined as transferring one or more businesses in exchange for a lump-sum payment; assets and liabilities are not given separate values. The transferee in a slump sale is exempt from GST.

    Accountability of Business

    Before the date of the court’s final ruling approving the transfer of business, two or more companies that are merging or amalgamating engage in specific transactions, including the exchange of products and services. The CGST Act will be applied in this situation, and the companies must pay taxes on the supply transactions between them.

    Trading of Securities

    Another method of obtaining business is trading or buying the majority of the stock in a firm. The transferor company’s shareholders can exchange their shares for shares in the transferee company.

    Taxation on Different Types of Transfer

    When a company is described as a part of a going concern, it signifies that it is currently running or operating, either entirely or independently. If a business is transferred as a going concern, or if a whole or independent portion of the business is transferred, then GST will not apply.

    Procedure of Transfer

    The process of transfer of business includes two steps:

    1. The transferor must submit Form ITC-02 with all necessary information, including the total amount of unused ITC that will be transferred. On the GST portal, the form needs to be submitted.
    2. The transferee will receive the form and must decide whether to accept or reject it.

    Reversal of ITC on Transfer of Business

    A business transfer treated as a going concern is not subject to GST and is therefore referred to as an exempt supply. The ITC on any exempted supplies will be proportionately reversed if a taxpayer makes any, according to section 17 and Rule 42 of the CGST Rules.


    The transfer of Input Tax Credit (ITC) is an important process for businesses in India that undergo changes in ownership. Form GST ITC-02 is used for this purpose, and businesses need to follow a step-by-step process to transfer the ITC successfully.Using a robust GST Accounting Software like BUSY is beneficial in claiming ITC correctly, as it takes care of a lot of the compliance work required for ITC.

    • Home
    • /
    • GST
    • /
    • how to claim itc on transfer of business

    BUSY is a simple, yet powerful GST / VAT compliant Business Accounting Software that has everything you need to grow your business.

    phone Sales & Support:

    +91 82 82 82 82 82
    +91 11 - 4096 4096