Under GST, taxpayers must file annual returns in the form of GSTR-9, which provides a summary of all the transactions undertaken during the financial year. One of the main aspects of GSTR-9 is to reconcile the ITC claimed in GSTR-3B with the ITC available in GSTR-2A. However, reconciling ITC between these two forms can be challenging due to several factors such as time lag, differences in the credit claimed, and more.
The IGST credit on importing goods for the years 17–18 that was claimed in 18–19 is not declared in a separate field in Table 8. Taxpayers were concerned that if the IGST credit was not recorded in GSTR-9, they may entirely forfeit the credit they had received in 18-19 but was connected to 17-18. As stated in Table 6(E) of the GSTR-9 form, the government has clarified that such credit for July 2017 through March 2018 has been claimed in the financial year 2018–19.
The ITC granted from April 2018 to March 2019 but related to invoices from the FY 2017–18 may be stated in Table 8C of the GSTR–9, according to clarification from the government. If the credit were claimed in FY 2018–19 but was not recorded in the books of accounts, they would also need to be reported in Table 13 of GSTR–9.
Table 8D of GSTR-9 lists ITC accessible in GSTR-2A but ineligible in GSTR-3B. In a recent press release, the government said, The input tax credit mentioned in Table 8D represents the credit that was available to a taxpayer in their FORM GSTR-2A during the period from July 2017 to March 2019 but was not utilised by them. Taxpayers can only get such credit after the deadline. This credit never entered any taxpayer’s computerized credit ledger. Hence it never lapsed.
The values in this table are not relevant to taxpayers as it pertains to settlement information required by the government. The value in this table may turn negative if the credit claimed in GSTR-3B exceeds the ITC available in GSTR-2A. The updated forms released on December 31, 2018, removed “Out of 8D” from Tables 8E and 8F. Hence, the sign of Table 8D is inconsequential. The lapses can be divided into two groups that are unrelated to Table 8D:
GSTR-2A’s non-reflection may disqualify a taxpayer’s credit claims. Can companies obtain credits by reflecting in GSTR-2A without meeting the other conditions? Businesses have filed GSTR-1 without paying GSTR-3B taxes. Due to factors like considering them as B2C instead of B2B, taxes have been paid in GSTR-3B but have yet to be reported in GSTR-1. Currently, the GST legislation requires specific requirements to get credits, and GSTR-2A should not affect this.
Section 16 of the CGST Act and regulation 36 enable recipients to claim ITC under certain situations. He should have the products or services and a GST-compliant tax invoice/other supply papers. Taxes must also have been paid to the government.
Based on GST laws, several have explored going without reversing the ITC in GSTR-9. Businesses should get a tax-paid confirmation letter from their suppliers to prove their eligibility for credits.
Successfully claimed ITC on inbound goods that have never been reversed and reclaimed must be declared for Table 6B. However, disclosure of those inbound goods for which ITC was first claimed but subsequently revoked and recovered is required in table 6H.
GSTR 3B and GSTR 2A must be reconciled for the following reasons:
Note: ITC reconciliation according to GSTR 3b vs GSTR 2a in GSTR 9 Tables 6 and 8 across months is also required when completing a GSTR 9 annual return.
If differences between GSTR 3B and GSTR 2A are identified about the taxpayer’s excess claim of ITC, the taxpayer will be responsible for paying the difference plus interest. Since it is the taxpayer’s responsibility to claim the appropriate amount of ITC, frequent reconciliation and matching are crucial.