The tax that a person already paid at the time of the purchase of goods or services and which is eligible as a deduction from the tax due is referred to as an input tax credit.
The reversal of input tax credit refers to the situation where a business owner needs to reverse the credit he had claimed earlier. This can happen for several reasons, such as the goods or services for which the credit was claimed were used for non-business purposes, the supplier failed to pay tax to the government, or the business owner failed to pay the supplier within the specified time period. In such cases, the business owner must reverse the input tax credit and pay the corresponding tax amount to the government.
The conditions under which ITC Reversals are required are as follows:
A registered taxpayer is eligible to claim ITC returns once the following prerequisites are fulfilled:
Let’s consider an example to understand better how the input tax credit is calculated.
For Rs. 500, Mr Sharma, a steel manufacturer, purchased raw steel to make steel plates and glasses. He spent another Rs. 100 on more raw materials. Assume that the GST for steel is 18%, and the GST for the other raw materials is 28%. As a result, the business invested Rs. 90 in raw steel and Rs. 28 in other raw materials. Mr Sharma spent a total of Rs. 118 on input tax.
Mr Sharma chooses to sell his goods at Rs. 800 plus GST after taking into consideration the cost of producing the steel plates and glasses utilising the other raw materials. Mr Sharma will generate an invoice for Rs. 944 on the steel plates and glasses if the tax on a steel utensil is 18%, making the tax on his goods Rs. 144.
Therefore, Mr Sharma pays the distributor Rs. 144 in GST for each sale. He paid Rs. 118 in GST when he bought his input raw materials. He can now deposit the Rs. 26 difference with the government after subtracting the INR 118 he paid toward input GST from the Rs. 144 GST. Retailers and distributors charge GST and are eligible for the Input Tax Credit at all subsequent levels.
Rule 42 applies to the reversal of input services. The first step in calculating input tax reversal under this rule is to distinguish the individual credits that are not claimable from the total ITC. A few variables that are used during the process that aid in the calculation are T, T1, T2, and T3, where,
The next step is calculating the common credit and deducting T1, T2, and T3 from the entire ITC. The equation for it is:
C1 = T – (T1+T2+T3)
This will derive T4, a credit specifically for input services or inputs utilised to create taxable supply only. This group of products comprises zero-rated exports and deliveries to special economic zones.
Taking the difference between C1 and T4 will result in Common Credit, represented by the letter C2. This is based on the assumption that the inputs were utilised partially for a taxable supply and partially for non-business reasons. Thus,
C2 = C1 – T4
The amount of ITC to be reversed from the common credit mentioned above can then be calculated as follows:
The ITC that can be attributed to exempt supplies that are derived from the common credit is computed as follows,
D1 = (E÷F) × C2
E denotes the total value of exempt supplies received during the tax period.
F denotes the entire revenue generated by the registered person in the state over the tax year.
The next step is to calculate D2, which is related to non-business uses and represents 5% of the C2 carbon credit.
D2 = 5% of C2
Further, to calculate C3, which is the eligible ITC derived from the common credit, which is denoted as,
C3 = C2 – (D1 + D2)
The ITC that needs to be reversed will be determined using the calculations from D1 and D2.
For instance, let’s think about the following scenario for Kerala supplies in June 2022:
ITC (T) total = Rs 2,00,00
Personal usage inputs (T1) = Rs 9500
Exempt supply (T2) inputs = Rs 15,000
Block credits (T3) = Rs 6000
Taxable supply inputs (T4) = Rs 1,20,000
The total exempt supply value (E) is less than = Rs 2,30,000
Kerala’s total annual revenue (F) = Rs 4,00,000
Thus using C1 = T – (T1 + T2 + T3),
C1 = Rs 1,69,500
The common credit C2 = C1 – T4
C2 = Rs 49,500
D1 = (E÷F) × C2
D1 = 28,462.5
D2 = 5% of C2
D2 = 1423.125
C3 = C2 – (D1 + D2)
C3 = Rs 19,614.38
Thus you arrive at the ultimate value to be reversed.
Capital goods are the subject of rule 43’s ITC reversal computation. However, before beginning the process, the first step is to determine whether the ITC meets the following requirements:
While the reporting period is based on the supply made in a specific month, the useful life of capital items is assumed to be five years. Therefore, the first step in performing the operations is to divide the credit by 60 to determine the ITC attributable to one month.
Here, common credit is denoted as “Tc,” which, when divided by 60, yields “Tm,” which represents the amount of ITC attributed to the tax period.
“Tr” represents the total Tm of the capital goods.
The common credit for exempt suppliers, denoted by the symbol “Te,” is calculated as follows,
Te = ( E÷ F ) × Tr
Where E denotes the total value of the exempt supply,
Total turnover, the registered person’s status, is denoted by the letter F.
Te is, therefore, the calculated ITC reversal amount for capital items.
Throughout the useful life of the relevant capital goods, the sum Te and the applicable interest must be added to the output tax liability of each tax period.
Suppose a registered person’s registration is revoked for whatever reason, or they opt to pay tax using the composition system. In that case, this provision is intended to reverse the ITC they previously earned.
The ITC should be reversed and calculated proportionately to the bills on which credit was requested for inputs maintained in stock or contained within semi-finished or finished goods that are kept in stock. ITC will be given if the registered person switches to the composition scheme or cancels their registration.
The pro-rata ITC for the capital goods will be decided. Because of this, the ITC for the asset’s remaining useful life must be reversed upon cancellation of registration or switching to the composition system.
The balance transitional ITC for gold bars was reversed on July 1st, 2017. This rule applies to ITC claims made under the transitional provisions of the CGST Act. As of July 1, 2017, the taxpayer could only claim a maximum of 1/6 of the credit for gold bars or gold jewellery held by them. This clause states that when delivering either the gold bar or the gold jewellery made from the raw gold bars, a complete 5/6th of a credit line must be repaid.
GSTR-3B and GSTR-9 are required to report ITC reversal of GST returns.
The ITC reversal amount must be calculated by the taxpayer and entered in GSTR-3B Table 4B. Two types of ITC reversals must be reported:
Likewise, information on ITC reversed for the entire year must be included in the annual return GSTR-9. Where possible, information is automatically filled in depending on the information provided in the monthly GSTR 3B form; however, the taxpayer may make changes as necessary.
If the supplier has included information on the tax invoice or debit note in Form GSTR-1, mirroring it in the recipient’s Form GSTR-2B, the recipient is eligible for an input tax credit.
In other words, if the supplier has not provided Form GSTR-1, the input tax credit will not be recorded in Form GSTR-2B, and the recipient will not be allowed to use the input tax credit.
Only if the supplier has included information on the tax invoice or debit note in Form GSTR-1, reflecting it in the recipient’s form GSTR-2B, is the recipient eligible for an input tax credit. In other words, if the supplier has not provided Form GSTR-1, the input tax credit will not be recorded in Form GSTR-2B, and the recipient will not be allowed to use the input tax credit.
Under the provisions of section 16(2)(b a), for instance, the receiver is only allowed to claim input tax credits that are not restricted (i.e., not ruled ineligible) as a result of the six circumstances listed under section 38 sub-section (2). It’s interesting to note that each of the six scenarios that render an input tax credit inadmissible in the hands of the recipient entirely depends on the supplier’s proper compliance.
The supplier must have deposited the tax to the government either through an electronic cash ledger or an electronic credit ledger for the recipient to be eligible for the input tax credit. The purchaser will not be qualified to claim the input tax credit if the supplier fails to pay the tax, even if the buyer has dutifully paid the tax to the supplier.
The Finance Act of 2022 replaces the entirety of Section 41’s provisions relating to the use of the input tax credit. According to the new rules, the recipient must reverse the input tax credit if the supplier doesn’t pay the tax. Additionally, interest must be added to the ITC reversal.
One of the terms states that if the supplier is discovered to be nonexistent, the recipient will not be eligible for the input tax credit.
It is beneficial to keep the credit for earlier-used inputs so that it is added to the output tax liability. Thus, it would effectively invalidate any prior claims of credit. And last, the interest in ITC reversal varies depending on the reversal executed.
It can be challenging to comprehend and calculate ITC Reversal. Utilising fully automated software that can handle time-consuming tasks on your behalf helps you save time and effort. Busy Accounting Software offers such software, an automated and scalable solution to all the laborious tasks of computing input tax credit, reversals, common credit, and other GST-related tasks.