The GST filing system has undergone multiple changes since its implementation. This change is meant to implement a new and efficient return filing structure under the CGST Rules, as recommended by the GST Council at its 27th meeting.
Section 43A has been added to the Central Goods and Services Tax Act 2019. This article will explain the steps for filing returns and obtaining input tax credits.
How are GST Returns Currently filed?
Taxpayers must submit two GST returns monthly: Form GSTR-3B and Form GSTR-1. GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 returns are not required to be submitted.
What is the New & Simplified Return Scheme?
Under the new scheme proposed under Section 43A:
Registered taxpayers will only need to file one monthly return going forward.
Invoices can be uploaded in real-time.
Suppliers can upload invoices at any time during the month prior to the cut-off.
Buyers will be able to see these invoices.
Buyers can claim input tax credit based on self-declaration.
Buyers can claim input tax credit even if the supplier has not uploaded all of the invoices during the transaction’s interim period.
Key Points of Section 43A
he revised GST return processes, which were temporarily on hold, will be activated under Section 43A. Notifications regarding the exact rules and regulations should be notified in due course.
Due to the ‘notwithstanding’ clause at the beginning of Section 43A, the CGST Act’s Section 16(2), which lays out the requirements for claiming ITC, will be superseded by the terms of Section 43A. Specifically, CGST Act Section 37 [which deals with details of outbound supplies] and CGST Act Section 38 [which deals with particulars of inbound supplies]. Section 43A is written to help taxpayers since it permits them to temporarily take advantage of ITC in some cases, even if the other requirements aren’t met. The CBIC still needs to provide guidance on how section 43A affects previously submitted GST returns.
Every registration holder will be free to update or change the information of inward supplies reported in their monthly returns.
Even if the supplier submits insufficient data in his returns, or if the details supplied are inaccurate, the receiver will still be able to claim the input tax credit. The receiver may claim ITC even if the supplier does not upload invoices at their end.
In this scenario, the maximum allowable ITC credit is 5%. Up until 31st Dec 2020, it used to be 10%, and before that it was 20%.
If the return is not filed, but information of outward supplies has been submitted to the site for obtaining credit, both the supplier and the receiver may be held jointly and severally responsible to a) pay output tax and b) pay ITC claims.
Procedures for recovering any such production tax/ITC will be laid forth. There will be no recovery procedures if the sum is less than INR 1,000.
Information on exports will be reported in certain circumstances according to rules that will be established to specify the reporting requirements.
Section 43A should provide some much-needed relief to taxpayers, and industry concerns should be significantly reduced. However, it will not be applicable till it is officially announced.
Current Provisions in the Absence of Section 43A
Only the amount reported on forms GSTR-2B and GSTR-2A may be used to claim ITC in GSTR-3B. To clarify, starting on January 1, 2022, this is specified in Section 16(2)(aa) of the CGST Act. Before that time, taxpayers submitting GSTR-3B may also claim an extra 5% in ITC on top of the ITC already shown on GSTR-2B.
In conclusion, the process for adequately filing reports and obtaining input tax credits is outlined in Section 43A of the GST Act. This section is responsible for laying down the procedure. To avoid incurring any punishment or having their credit reduced, taxpayers must have a solid understanding of the prerequisites and deadlines outlined in this section.
Taxpayers can guarantee the prompt and accurate submission of reports and hassle-free access to the advantages of the input tax credit by following the instructions supplied under Section 43A and doing so in the correct order. This provision is a significant move towards achieving the government’s objective of streamlining the tax system for companies, as it aims to promote transparency and conformance within the GST framework.