Input Tax Credit (ITC) on job work is an essential aspect of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system that allows businesses to claim tax credit for inputs used in the manufacturing of goods or providing services. In the GST system, businesses can claim ITC on inputs sent for job work, subject to certain conditions. The business must maintain proper documentation and ensure that the job worker returns the processed goods within the specified time frame.
Additionally, the job worker must be registered under the GST system, and the goods must be returned to the business or supplied to another taxable person. In this article, we will examine the implications of GST and input tax credit on job work. The provisions for ITC on job work are defined in Form ITC 04 Job Work: Section 19 of the CGST Act, 2017.
When principal manufacturers send their semi-finished products to smaller manufacturers for finishing, it is known as job work according to Section 2(68) of the CGST Act. In such a scenario, the owner of the goods is known as the Principal, and the smaller company tasked with finishing up the goods is the Job Worker.
In simpler words, job work is any treatment or processing performed on goods belonging to another registered person. The job worker must carry out the process as advised by the Principal.
For example, ‘ABC Electronics’ produces electronic devices and contracts out the assembly process to a third-party company, ‘XYZ Manufacturing’.
ABC Electronics provides all the necessary components and instructions to XYZ Manufacturing to assemble the devices.
After the assembly is complete, the finished devices are returned to ABC Electronics for final testing and quality control.
Thus, according to the CGST Rules, 2017, the Principal is ABC Electronics, while XYZ Manufacturing is the Job Worker.
ABC Electronics is a registered business that has outsourced a specific process to XYZ Manufacturing, which is responsible for carrying out the assembly of the electronic devices.
This makes XYZ Manufacturing a Job Worker, as it has taken on the job from a registered business to complete a specific process in the production of electronic devices.
Within a year, beginning on the date of receipt, the Principal must receive the inputs supplied for the job work. When processing capital goods, there is a three-year time limit on returning the processed goods to the owner.
When goods are not received within the time frame specified above, they are considered to have been supplied as of the effective date. The principal will pay the tax on this deemed supply. The issued challan will be regarded as an invoice for that supply.
There are specific responsibilities that the Principal needs to undertake. These are:
The Principal is the owner of the capital goods and inputs sent to the Job Worker. Hence, the Principal is allowed to claim Input Tax Credit on those capital goods and inputs. This is true in both of the following cases:
Some of the conditions required for claiming ITC on goods supplied for Job Work are as follows:
Transitional provisions determine whether or not the goods and services being processed or not processed before or on the designated day of GST are subject to GST coverage.
ITC-04 is a form that includes information on the inputs or capital items sent to and received from such a job worker. The registered principal who sends inputs or capital goods on the job must submit this form quarterly.
It must contain the information from the challans for the following:
From 1st October 2021, ITC-04 form is required on a semi-annual or an annual basis, depending on the following criteria:
ITC-04 requires information in 2 parts:
Various details need to be mentioned here, including GSTIN, challan number, tax amount, and other pertinent information, which can be obtained from the challans.
This section will contain information regarding the goods that have been returned. The goods may either be received by the Principal or directly sent to another job worker from the initial job worker’s place of business. It is mandatory to mention all the relevant details of both the original and new challans.
Given below are the steps to file the ITC- 04 form:
Returning goods to the principal is a crucial component of job labour. The principal expects to receive back any inputs or capital goods sent to a job worker within one year (in the case of inputs) and three years (in the case of capital goods) of the date the items were sent to the job worker.
Tools, jigs, and fixtures provided to the job worker by the principal are not subject to the provision for the return of goods. The principal would be responsible for paying GST on the sale of junk if the job worker did not have a GST registration, but the job worker would be responsible for paying GST when such moulds and dies, jigs and fixtures, or tools are disposed of as junk by the job worker. The failure to return input or capital items within the allotted period must be declared in Form GSTR-1. The principal is responsible for paying the tax due and any relevant interest.
As a result, under GST, the job worker is given a sizable window of time to return the items to the principal, which promotes transparency when claiming an input tax credit.Claiming ITC correctly requires a lot of compliance work and accurate records to be maintained. It is advisable to use a powerful GST Software to help you claim ITC correctly by ensuring that your business is GST compliant.